The depletion of stratospheric ozone, a compound that absorbs damaging UV-B radiation was discovered in the 1980’s. The culprit? One of the halogen atoms, chlorine (CI), which is commonly used in chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) and hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) refrigerants. Ozone-depleting CFCs were phased out under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (adapted in 1987), the world’s most successful environment protection agreement, and the only treaty with universal ratification.
On the other hand, HCFC-22, also known as R-22 has been the refrigerant of choice for more than four decades. HCFCs are less harmful to the ozone layer than CFCs, but still contain ozone-depleting chlorine. The Montreal Protocol was again amended in 1996, resulting in the phase-out of CFC production in all developed nations.
The Scourge of Counterfeit and Substandard Refrigerants
Sure, peddling counterfeit and substandard refrigerants is nothing new. However, the rising number of non-regulated replacement sectors leaching into the refrigerant industry, and finding their way into chillers, cold storage rooms, plant cooling systems and air conditioning can be, literally, poisonous. By clicking here we get info about cost of r-22
According to Jon Black, Global Head of Chemicals and Refrigerants, “Unscrupulous operators have seen an opportunity to profit in a market that is unfortunately beset by product shortages and price hikes.”
The impacts of fake and inferior refrigerant across the spectrum may include:
-Poor plant operation
-Higher power consumption
-Environmental damage (Ozone depletion) Explosions
-Injuries and fatalities
-Incidents that Make the Headlines
Vietnam and Brazil – In 2011, A UK newspaper reported that refrigerated shipping cars (also called reefers) were causing global panic after multiple units exploded, killing three dockworkers. MSNBC, a US-based cable news channel said that faulty refrigerant was the probable reason for the explosions.
Fiji – In December 2011, a batch of R-134A imports was halted. It was discovered by chance by the inspector that the cylinder labelled with R-134A was found to be cross contaminated with CFCs and HFCs.
Message to Customers
How to avoid counterfeit and sub-standard refrigerants? Simple. Only source your refrigerants from reputable companies or providers who market the products for known refrigerant manufacturers. If you are searching for licenced refrigerant professionals or companies in Australia, look for the ARC Licence check, also called ARCtick.